Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development (SMSC) / Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) in Curriculum 2017/2018

At Richmond Park Academy, we have a whole school approach to PSHE. At Key Stage 3, Year 7 and 8 have timetabled citizenship lessons which are heavily influenced by the various strands of PSHE/SMSC. However, PSHE is spread across the curriculum and students are signposted to the lessons and values that underpin PSHE in their various subject areas.

SMSC/PSHE at RPA includes the following topics:
  • Alcohol, smoking and drugs
  • Personal health
  • Bullying
  • Citizenship, democracy and human rights
  • Careers and the world of work
  • Personal finance
  • Family and relationships
  • Sex education

RPA SMSC Initiatives and Intervention 2017/18


Alcohol smoking and drugs
Personal health
Bullying Citizenship, democracy and human rights
Novels such as Stone Cold which deals with homelessness, crime and law. Of Mice and Men looks at the voice of the average working man and social injustices. Year 7 letters voicing concerns about issues.
Family and relationship
At KS4 the students study the poems from the relationship cluster which deals with different types of relationships and feelings about family members (including motherhood, death, childhood, parent-child relationships).
Sex education


Personal health
Discussions on statistics; e.g. Population growth, Disease analysis. The equation of happiness and what are the factors (mental health).
How prime numbers are superior numbers to irrational ones and how they get bullied into regression.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
Equality and how mathematical equations exemplify the meaning of being equal. Topics are related to the real world e.g.. An arithmetic sequence can be related to the Gregorian calendar and the sequence of students getting up in the morning.
Personal finance
Every credit has a debit. The balance of an account is the sum of all debits and credits. Use of statistical charts to show interest rates and the increase in mortgage payments.
Sex education
The rate of reproduction in rabbits and how such observation led to the discovery of the Fibonacci sequence.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
In the Health topic (Yr8) students learn about the effects of alcohol, smoking and recreational drugs on the human body. They also perform an experiment that simulates the delayed reaction speed.
Personal health
Also, within the Health topic (Yr8) students learn the different methods of maintaining health. Also, during the Ecology topic, they will learn about aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
Citizenship, democracy, and human rights
In topics about the world of medicine, genetics and diseases (euthanasia, GM, stem cell research).
Careers and the world of work
Periodically throughout the different KS3 topics, the student will be exposed to different science careers specialising in the particular topics they are learning.
Family and relationship -This is explored in extended discussions when studying sex education. The evolution of relationships is touched on.
Sex education
This is taught factually, with the exclusion of personal/emotional significance during the Reproduction topic.


Personal health
Health and safety is an essential part of the DT syllabus. All aspects of safety are covered in each subject area.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
students are encouraged to do personal research into different artists, art movements and designers, particularly at KS4. Aspects of artists opinions and thoughts will be discovered through research.
Careers and the world of work
Students are taught about the design process and how this is used within the design industry. Market research, questionnaires etc are used to gain an understanding of a chosen target market.
Personal finance
Costing of materials at KS4 is covered within Product design and Food/Nutrition.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Themes in KS3 rock and roll music. 
Personal health
In the Music BTEC course, pupils research the physical aspects of performance on their instrument and role that posture/warm-ups have on their skills as a performer. We look at health and safety with regards to performing on stage and preparing for an audience. 
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
We teach units such as Ragtime and Rock and Roll that discuss the slave trade and multiculturalism. As in drama, in all years we deal with personal responsibility.  Issues are raised by the work and the way we work. There is a huge group focus developing soft skills and a democratic approach to working.
Careers and the world of work
The Btec Music course is vocational and focuses entirely on the world of work with one unit geared towards job roles in the music industry.
Personal finance
In the Btec Music course, we deal with budgeting in when organising RPA Live.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Themes in KS4 in particular both scripted and devised.
Personal health
Dealt with in warm-ups and preparation, particularly in KS4.
Themes at both KS3 and KS4.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
In all years we deal with personal responsibility.  Issues are raised by the work and the way we work. There is a huge group focus developing soft skills and a democratic approach to working.
Careers and the world of work
Work at KS4 with both visiting professionals and visits to professional organisations focusing on different careers within the arts both onstage and backstage.
Personal finance
We deal with budgeting in KS4 in relation to the design element of the new specification.
Family and relationships
Often arise and addressed in different units (e.g. Blood Brothers).


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
GCSE Lagos, Nigeria and how the city has ‘Area boys’ which control the drug trade, the impact of the drug trade on the city.
Personal health
Key Stage 3 The Geography of Sport, thinking about how exercise and sports increased the quality of life.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
GCSE: Dictatorship and different types of government, world development, Case Study of Lagos, Nigeria.
Careers and the world of work
GCSE: Different types of employment in developed and developing countries, the formal and informal sector.
Sex education
Key stage 3: Discussion of how a country’s levels of development impacts their ability to provide contraception for their population
Sex education: GCSE: impacts of development and wealth on access to contraception and family planning. Impact of religion and culture on views towards contraception and family planning.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Various discussions about sanctity of life, religious and moral obligations lead on to these specific topics. Students are allowed to reflect on the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and especially why this is promoted in religious teachings.
Personal health
  • Find out about some religious fasts
  • Understand why some people fast
  • Understand why some religions do not accept fasting
  • Evaluate the benefits of fasting
  • Find out about the different views on what a person is
  • Find out about the stages of pregnancy
  • Understand why people have different views about when life starts and finishes
  • Think about what students believe about the beginning and end of life
Various discussion revolving around equality, fairness, and justice allow students to reflect on their relationship with peers and how they should treat one another.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights:
  • Understand the link between personal and social identity
  • Be able to identify groups that contribute to their personal identity
  • Learn about the major religions’ teachings about human life
  • Compare the teachings of different religions
  • Reflect on how students can influence their future
  • Collect data on how many of the students’ friends and family are religious
  • Identify the beliefs, values and objects that are precious to them
  • Discover if there is a worldview that characterises the students’ community
  • Express personal viewpoints on issues of right and wrong
  • Analyse and evaluate a range of views about what is right and wrong
  • Turn the Golden Rule into guidelines for behaviour in school
  • Promote students’ behaviour policy in school
  • Present students behaviour policy to the governors of the school.
  • Learn what human rights are
  • Understand why and how rights and responsibilities are linked
  • Understand why some people disagree with the UDHR
  • Interpret religious views about human rights
  • Learn about the laws that guarantee religious rights in Britain
  • Understand how the law may be applied in individual cases
  • Analyse and judge cases of alleged abuse of religious rights
  • Find out about the purposes of punishment
  • Understand some religious viewpoints on the purposes of punishment
  • Present their views about punishment and back them up with reason
  • Find out about ways in which some religious people have defended their rights
  • Understand religious viewpoints on the use of violence in the defence of human rights
  • Evaluate views on the use of violence by religious people
  • Understand why some people believe that human life has a purpose
  • Find out about religious teachings on the purpose of life
  • Think about their view on the purpose of life
  • Understand why some people may say that their lives are planned in advance
  • Analyse the idea of free will
  • Find out what the major religions teach about free will
  • Find out about two pacifists from history
  • Understand what ahimsa means for Buddhists
  • Understand why Quakers are pacifists
  • Reflect on ways in which people can live together peacefully
  • Compare different views about war and peace
Careers and the world of work
  • Find out about degrees of poverty
  • Understand why religions promote relative poverty
  • Analyse ways in which religions put their beliefs about responsibility for the poor into action
  • Find out some qualities that leaders have
  • Think of examples of a good leader
  • Analyse what good leadership means
  • Find out what religions teach about women in leadership roles
  • Understand why people have different opinions about women as religious leaders
  • Evaluate the fairness of religious teachings about women and leadership
Personal finance
Students are taught about charity, wealth and poverty and this allows them to discuss and reflect on the importance of money, how it can be potentially harmful and how it can be used to help people in need.
Family and relationships
  • Understand what religions teach about love
  • Compare religious definitions of love
  • Present a coherent picture of what love means to religious people
  • Evaluate the strength of the family in creating a sense of belonging
  • Know what forgiveness means for religious people
  • Understand why some religions teach that people should forgive those who do wrong
  • Be able to interpret some religious teachings about forgiveness
  • Analyse statistics showing a drop in the popularity of marriage
  • Think about why marriage is less popular than in the past
  • Think about their views on the importance of marriage
  • Understand why marriage is important in most religious communities
  • Evaluate the importance of marriage
  • Find out about what Christians believe about the sanctity of life
  • Understand why Christians believe in the sanctity of life
  • Understand what Buddhism teaches about life
  • Link beliefs about the sanctity of life with life and death issues
  • Find out what euthanasia and assisted suicide are
  • Understand reasons for and against euthanasia and assisted suicide
  • Understand why most religious people are against euthanasia and assisted suicide
  • Analyse why some people may see murder as an act of compassion
Sex education
Students are taught about traditional family values, gender and sexuality issues, the concepts of freedom and liberty with regards to personal relationships and how this is reflected in the teachings of the main religions.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Taught at KS4 GCSE, impact on the body and health. 
Personal health
Physical health through practical PE. Hygiene discussed at KS3. Balanced diet taught at GCSE and discussed at KS3. Teamwork and social skills help to build confidence amongst students. Health taught at GCSE, the benefits of leading a healthy lifestyle (physically, mentally and socially) and consequences of leading a sedentary lifestyle. 
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
At all years students are taught how to be responsible citizens and work together in a  practical setting. Leadership, communication and general teamwork skills are developed.
Careers and the world of work
KS5 coursework scenarios specific to work in the sports science industry. Opportunities for work experience specific to sports coaching.  
Family and relationships
Impact family and friends can have on physical activity involvement and the leading of a healthy and active lifestyle.


Personal Health
At KS3 there are topics about a balanced diet, eating habits and healthy lifestyle. At KS4 we look at health habits and discuss health resolutions.
Citizenship/ democracy/ human rights
At KS3 discuss child homelessness and at KS4 it’s describing charity work, inequalities and poverty. At KS5 we also discuss volunteer work, charities, the importance of unions, discussing voting system and young people’s engagement. Consider the benefits of living in an ethnically diverse society, consider the need for tolerance and respect of diversity, promote diversity, heritage, discuss xenophobic attitudes and immigration. Examine different groups who are marginalised. Examine different attitudes towards crime.
Careers and the world of work
at KS3 we talk about jobs and qualities needed for certain professions, ideal jobs, ambitions and part-time jobs. KS4 also get to explore current and future study and employment.
Personal Finance
At KS3 we have topics that discuss the use of pocket money. Our trips require students to be responsible for budgeting when away from home. 
Family and relationship
KS3 get to talk about family members and discuss issues with parents. There are learning topics around family. At KS4 we look at family and marriage. This is extended at KS5 when we discuss trends in marriage and new family structures and issues pertaining to generational gaps.


Alcohol, smoking and drugs
Year 10, 12 and 13 would have opportunities to discuss this when we look at the dopamine reward system and link to addiction. year 10 also looks at drug-related crime in the Criminal Behaviour unit.
Personal health
Year 12 and 13 looking at psychopathology, one of the criteria for defining mental illness is the failure to look after oneself.
Covered in attachment modules, Years 10, 11 12 and 13 as an effect of different attachment types.
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
Rights crop up when looking at ethical considerations of psychological research - all years.
Careers and the world of work
Students get the opportunity to explore the career prospects of studying Psychology.
Family and relationships
In most units: always looking at the effect of upbringing. There are entire units on attachment for Years 10, 11 12 and 13 deal with this. Also, Year 13 does a unit looking at relationships.
Sex education
From Year 9 - biological and psychoanalytic theories of gender development. Years 12 and 13 biopsychology and relationships.


Personal health
Edexcel Cida course has a two and a half hour exam students are advised to consider their posture throughout.
Year 7s have a lesson on identifying the electronic devices used for cyberbullying and what it consists of. Additionally, the students are made aware of “phishing” to obtain their personal information for identity theft. All students are taught about responsible use of ICT and 
Citizenship, democracy and human rights
We explore the data protection act with students to inform them of their rights regarding their data.
Careers and the world of work
Throughout lessons and SOW, we address the knowledge and skills and how they relate to the real world. E.g. Using comments on code for programmers.
Personal finance
Not addressed.
Family and relationships
Not addressed.
Sex education
For year 7 the reality of being groomed online is discussed and to be aware of the signs online of keeping themselves safe.


ASDAN Key Steps
For selected students in KS3 - develops healthy living, social skills, community interactions, financial skills etc.

ASDAN Bronze Silver Gold award
For selected students in KS4 - develops healthy living, social skills, community interactions, financial skills etc.